Traditional farming practices in Upper Nidderdale have resulted in a landscape rich in flora and fauna.

The best habitats for wildlife include upland hay meadows which host a variety of wild flowers, and rush pasture which contains an abundance of invertebrates that in turn feed ground nesting birds such as lapwing, snipe and black grouse.

Above these inbye fields, heather moorland provides lots of micro habitats including safe nesting places for several bird species such asĀ merlin and short eared owl.

Upland gill and streams support wild trout and breeding birds such as dipper and grey wagtail, while woodlands provide shelter and refuge for plants, insects, mammals and birds.