Geology

Upper Nidderdale has a unique character, but have you ever wondered why?

Crustal plate movements have seen the area, over the past 335 million years, pushed northwards at a leisurely couple of centimetres a year. During that time environmental conditions changed enormously, and the rocks and fossils of the area reveal the history of those changes. Millions of years of Earth history, and the more recent impact of human activities have combined to produce the landscape, plants, animals, land use and buildings that make the area such an attractive place in which to live, work and visit.

The whole range of natural and man-made ‘rock-related’ things form the geodiversity of an area. From fossils through minerals, rocks and the soils formed from them, together with quarries, mines, stone buildings and dry stone walls, geodiversity is the link between the landscape, the people and their culture.

Diagram of upper Nidderdale rock types

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